Arab genealogical tradition

The Arab genealogical tradition divides the Arab people into two main groups; Qahtanites (southerners) and Adnanites (northerners), referring to the areas of Arabia which are regarded as their homelands. The Qahtanites are held to be descended from the biblical Qahtan, a descendant of Noah, while Ishmael is the father of the Adnanites.

The map below shows places of Qahtanite and Adnanite tribes at the Time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).