“They live under the open sky and claim as fatherland a wilderness that contains neither rivers nor goodly springs from which a hostile army might draw water. They have a law forbidding them to sow grain, plant orchards, make wine or build houses. Anyone who does so will be executed. They follow this principle because they believe that anyone who possesses such things in order to get a use from them is vulnerable to powerful men, who can compel their obedience. Some raise camels, others sheep, which they pasture in the wilderness. Although there are a great many other Arab tribes that use the desert as grazing land, the Nabateans, though numbering only 10,000 men, far exceed them in wealth…, because many regularly transport frankincense, myrrh and the choicest spices to the sea, products that they take over from people who bring them out of so-called happy Arabia. Their country, without water, is impenetrable to enemies, but the Nabateans fill cisterns and caves with rain water, making them flush with the rest of the landscape. They leave markers there which only they understand. They water their herds only every third day to accustom them to a flight throughout a waterless country.”
The Arabs in pre-Islamic times were not entirely unacquainted with the sea. For centuries before the rise of Islam the peoples of southern Arabia built ships and carried on important maritime traffic in the Red Sea and Indian Ocean. But the northern Arabs, and particularly those of the Hijaz and of the Syrian and Iraqi borderlands, were primarily a continental people, with little knowledge of the sea or of navigation.
It is one of the most striking features of the great Arab conquests that they should have adapted themselves so readily to this new form of activity. Within a few years of their control of the Syrian and Egyptian coastlines the people of the landlocked deserts of Arabia, with the help of local shipwrights and sailors, had built and manned great war fleets which were able to meet and defeat the powerful and experienced Byzantine navies and to give to the Caliphate that vital prerequisite of its safety and expansion — the naval control of the Mediterranean.
In the picture below is portrayed the Battle of the Masts fought in 654 (A.H. 34).
The Arab genealogical tradition divides the Arab people into two main groups; Qahtanites (southerners) and Adnanites (northerners), referring to the areas of Arabia which are regarded as their homelands. The Qahtanites are held to be descended from the biblical Qahtan, a descendant of Noah, while Ishmael is the father of the Adnanites.
The map below shows places of Qahtanite and Adnanite tribes at the Time of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH).
The Arab League has had eight secretaries-general. Except for one when Egypt’s membership was suspended in 1979 due to a unilateral peace treaty with Israel, all secretaries-general were Egyptians.
After Egypt returned to the Arab League in 1989, the headquarters, which never saw completed construction in Tunis, return to Cairo.
Córdoba grew rapidly under Arab Umayyad rule, and it became the largest and the most cultured city in Europe, with a population of some 450,000 in 1000. That is several times more than the average European city at the time.
Some prefer to live within their capabilities, while others insist on indulging in the world of fantasy. Well, life has a place for everyone. But we have to expect a price because nothing comes for free. The price of imagination is often more painful, especially when the person wakes up to the bitter reality.
In Yemen’s flag, black depicts the dark days of the past (the civil war between north and south), while white represents a bright future, and red stands for the blood of the struggle to achieve independence and unity
Naturally, every country is interested in increasing its exports in order to reduce its trade deficit or, if possible, to achieve a surplus. However, matters of existence and principles shall take precedence before a positive balance of trade
Jordan does not have the means to financially support the Palestinian treasury as in the case of Arab rich monarchies, but it can increase imports of Palestine products and facilitate their way to other Arab and international markets